The first measure taken in Ethiopia towards safeguarding the nation’s historical and cultural heritage was when archaeological research began in collaboration with a French team of scientists.
Due to the continuing research, they arose the need to organize an institution to preserve and exhibit the collections.
The National Museum of Ethiopia was established in 1944 and began its activities by exhibiting a few archaeological collections as well as some ceremonial costumes and ethnographic objects. The museum gradually improved and developed, in the course of which it transferred to the building where it is located today.
One of the major objectives of the museum is to present selected artifacts worthy of exhibition using the best display techniques available as a means of both education and enjoyment for the general public.
Exhibits of the National Museum are presented under the following four main sections:
Ethiopian artists, such as Maitre Artist Laureate Afework Tekle. Almost every object has a written description so that visitors can learn about the nation’s rich history. Besides its regular services, the museum organizes special tour programs for students and interested groups on request.
The museum also controls the export of historical and cultural relics abroad, i.e. it investigates the souvenirs purchased by tourists and other visitors in order to protect the heritage from being exported. A special section of the museum is authorized to manage and examine the historical value and purity of the objects to be exported.
Location: Amist Kilo in front of Blue Top Restaurant
Telephone: 011 111 91 31/ ext 7150
Visiting Hours: Monday-Sunday (except public holidays): 8.30am-5.30 pm
At the top of the rising slope of Entoto mountain range is the site where Menelik II established his capital. The visitor to this place can easily get there by taxi, drive a car or even walk up the steep hill to reach its summit at 3000 meters above sea level.
The fresh and cool air, the exuberant flora and the pungent aroma of the eucalyptus trees
alongside the road make the trip delightful. Further excitement is waiting in Entoto Museum, which contains articles of great quality and historical significance. The drum that announced the march of Adwa against the Italian invasion, the bed Menelik II used while in Ankober, a crown and a Persian carpet are just a few of the many exhibits depicting Entoto’s glorious past.
The panoramic view of the city and the surrounding areas, the beautiful architectural style of Archangel Raguel and St. Mary churches, and a visit to Menelik’s old palace add to an experience the visitor will cherish.
Location: in the compound of Entoto St. Mary Church
Telephone: 011 663 04 65/6/7
Visiting Hours: Tuesday-Sunday 9.00 am -1.00 pm and 2.30 pm - 5.30 pm.